Project “Sustainability measures for water-related ecosystems in the Lower Dniester Ramsar Site” financed by ADC
In December 2014 BIOTICA has started the implementation of the project “Sustainability measures for water-related ecosystems in the Lower Dniester Ramsar Site” with kind support of Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC). It is a continuity of the project "Improving the management of water resources and ecosystem protection in Ramsar Site" Lower Dniester " also supported by ADC. On 12 OF February 2015 it was organized the launching ceremony at the Ministry of Environment where were invited representatives of central and local authorities, relevant institutions, NGOs and business.
The project “Sustainability measures for water-related ecosystems in the Lower Dniester Ramsar Site” will be implemented in the period December 2014 – November 2017 and has the objective to contribute to water management mitigating the environmental risks in favour of using an ecosystem services approach.
The project will be implemented in the Ramsar Site Lower Dniester, including in Transdniestria. The project intends to determine priority steps and contribute to solving the problems of water supply systems in Popeasca and Talmaza villages from LDRS. Implementation of the project solves also the problem of protecting a part of Cioburciu Village including school that is affected by floods: an anti-flood system will be rehabilitated. Creation of a regulated spawning place will be done as a pioneer activity in the region, and the second place will be assessed. The forestation works in the biodiversity valuable area of LDRS as well as in riverside protective bands will be done (15-18 ha). A sociological study and awareness raising will be done in favour of strengthening the LDRS and creation of a national park; based on this activities 5 seminars with stakeholders will be conducted, more meetings with focus groups within sociological study will be organised, development of the capacity of local authorities in the field of water use and water protection issues will be done and an information campaign organised that assure ADC and project activity visibility.
Expected results of the project:
Expected Result 1. Priority measures to improve water supply systems in Popeasca and Talmaza Villages are implemented, ensuring equal access to water for women and men.
Expected Result 2. Vulnerable part of Cioburciu village is protected from losses caused by floods.
Expected Result 3. First regulated spawning place in Moldova is technically operational under MANR responsibility and the second spawning place is substantiated and planned.
Expected Result 4. Ecological capacities of the Talmaza Wetland core area of international importance and of riverside protective bands in Transdniestrian part of the LDRS are improved.
Expected Result 5. Awareness of and attention to strengthened LDRS management is improved among officials and citizens (women and men).
Project "Improving the management of water resources and ecosystem protection in Ramsar Site" Lower Dniester " supported by ADC
In November 2014 BIOTICA has finished the implementation of the project "Improving the management of water resources and ecosystem protection in Ramsar Site" Lower Dniester " supported by ADC.
Project activities implementation
Establishment of the water management regulation facility was done (Result 1). The selected company conducted the necessary researches and delivered engineering design project. All formal permissions and approvals for projecting and construction were obtained. Constructing entity was selected. The water lock and linked works were done. Regulation (instruction) on the water lock management was drafted and delivered to the Ministry of Environment, which co-agreed it. Acceptance statement was done.
Feasibility study on the first regulated spawning place (Result 2) was finished and confirmed possibility to create it in the Turunciuc region. Location of the spawning place and major parameters of management were determined. Entity for engineering design project was selected. The entity has obtained suitable in Transdniestria permissions and conclusions, conducted geodesic studies and the engineering project. All permissions for construction of the spawning place are delivered by Transdniestrian authorities. Regulation on the spawning place was drafted and co-agreed with central environmental body of Transdniestria; the regulation is approved by Scientific-technical Council under this body.
Protective integrity and functional capacity of riverside bands was increased (Result 3). The field studies, the plan of forest reconstruction and planting and technological charts were prepared for Talmaza Wetland and riverside bands of the both banks. Total planting area is 35 ha. Entities for civil works were selected and contracted. Planting was done on the both banks of Dniester during 2013-2014.
Recognition of theNATURA 2000 site(s) in Transdniestrian part of the Ramsar Site (Result 4) was done. Materials for training on NATURA 2000 methodology were prepared and Transdniestrian specialists trained (workshop in Tiraspol, 15 February 2013, 17 participants). Two of four probable sites were recognized as important and studied in details; workshop for stakeholders (Tiraspol, 29 October 2013) held and participants (38 persons) supported creation of protected areas here. Scientific motivation for official designation of protected areas was prepared being based on NATURA 2000 methodology and other considerations. The motivation was approved by the the Scientific-Technical Council of the central environmental body of Transdniestria; creation of the protected areas is co-agreed with local authorities, discussed and supported by stakeholders during the second seminar in Transdniestria (held in Tiraspol, 09 October 2014, 39 participants).
Awareness of stakeholders from the right bank of the Dniester River on water and water-linked legislation was raised (Result 5). Two seminars in Stefan-Voda were organised (22 March 2013 and 29 March 2014). Both seminars gathered 51 participants each (representatives of the district and communities‘ authorities, district specialists in relevant issues, representatives of civil society and business). The handbook on water and other environmental and linked legislation for stakeholders has been edited and distribution among stakeholders started during the second seminar. The popular booklet “Lower Dniester: values and threats” was edited and distributed.
Improving the potable water supply system sector in Talmaza village (Result 6) was done. All necessary permissions were received from the state services by local partners. Technical engineering project of the water reservoir and pipeline sector was drafted and updated (contribution of Water Users Association and local administration). Civil works started on 3th of April 2014 after cold period. Construction of new water reservoir and doubled pipeline between the new water reservoir and artesian water well were done with all arrangements and installation of equipment, fences and autonomous light systems. Seminar in Talmaza Village (03.06.2014, 49 participants) proposed recommendations to Water User Association and Local public authorities.
National seminar was held on 21 November 2014 at the Ministry of Environment (50 representatives of the Ministry including Environmental Inspectorate, local authorities, third parties of the project, academia and NGOs from the both Dniester River banks and other institutions, mass-media).
Thus, all planned project results were achieved and the project was finished in time.
Nature-based project developments were reported at the Sub-regional workshop (19-22 May 2014) under UNESCO, which confirmed the necessity to create biosphere reserve in the Lower Dniester; participants visited the project objects. These developments were presented also at five international workshops and conferences; relevant info was included in the Moldova’s National report on the implementation of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (2014) to be submitted to COP-12 in 2015 (Uruguay), and finally, communicated to the Steering Committee of the Pan-European Biodiversity Platform (Moscow, 15 December 2014).
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On-going works on water lock creation in the frame of the project "Improving the management of water resources and ecosystem protection in Ramsar Site" Lower Dniester "implemented by BIOTICA Ecological Society and funded by the Austrian Development Agency.
Sub- regional workshop “Strengthening capacities for a sustainable future in Black-Sea and Caucasus countries: support to an establishment of biosphere reserves (BRs) as model sites for sustainable development and key tools for transboundary cooperation and the co-management of shared ecosystems”
On 19-22 May 2014 in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova the sub- regional workshop “Strengthening capacities for a sustainable future in Black-Sea and Caucasus countries: support to an establishment of biosphere reserves (BRs) as model sites for sustainable development and key tools for transboundary cooperation and the co-management of shared ecosystems” took place with the financial support of the UNESCO Venice Office. The event brought together 37 participants, including representatives from Moldova, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Romania. Among participants were Members of National MaB Committees, relevant institutions dealing with BR creation and management.
Participants to the workshop spent three days working together to network with one another, build capacity, develop recommendations for effectively promoting the BRs network and the MAB Programme, support current effort to establish BR in the Republic of Moldova, contribute to the acceleration of the progress leading to BRs designation in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Presentations of best practices in BR establishment and management from Russian Federation, Ukraine and Romania were very useful for experience sharing with workshop participants. As Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia recently moved forward in processes leading to the designation of a fist biosphere reserve in the country, it was important to share their experience and problems in this field.
As one of the workshop’s goal was to straighten transboundary cooperation, during the event the experience of Russian Federation, Ukraine, Romania in this field was shared with participants. Presentation of the current situation in BR establishment (incl. opportunities and challenges) in the Republic of Moldova was done.
During the working group activities participants identified the key steps to enhance professional and institutional capacities in countries concerned, to reinforce the capacity of MAB national bodies and BR managers to lead the MAB Programme and share lessons learned in their respective countries. Also they identified the key challenges to establish BR in a country and how to overcome them and what are the key needs in strengthening the cross-sectoral cooperation and sustainable development of territories concerned, as well as transboundary cooperation.
Two field trips to the areas of potential BRs in Moldova were organised – in Lower Dniester region (Stefan Voda district) and Lower Prut region (Cahul district). During them participants to the workshop met local stakeholders and discussed the next steps forward to progress on BR establishment in the Republic of Moldova.
Based on all outputs of the sub-regional some recommendations and follow up strategy were elaborated and approved by the participants. The recommendation includes proposals of reinforcing the capacity of MAB national bodies and BR managers to lead the MAB Programme, proposals to overcome key challenges to establish BR in a country, proposal to strengthen the cross-sectoral cooperation and sustainable development of territories concerned, and to improve transboundary cooperation, and sub-regional/regional cooperation related to BR/TBR processes. Also the recommendation includes proposed steps for Moldova in the field of BR creation and management.
Presentations done during the seminar
“Biosphere reserves as model sites for sustainable development and key tools for transboundary cooperation and the co-management of shared ecosystems” – Marie Prchalova, UNESCO
Overview of a current situation in BR establishment (incl. opportunities and challenges) in the Republic of Moldova and presentation from several perspectives:
from the MAB Committee perspective, Alexei Andreev;
from stakeholders perspective, Artur Nebunu, Cahul NGO,
Experience of creation and management of BR in Russian Federation, Mihail Brynskih, Member of National MaB Russian Federation
Experience of creation of BR in Ukraine, Iacov Diduh, Member of National MaB, Ukraine
Presentation of the BR “Danube Delta”, Romania, Ion Munteanu, Danube Delta BR
Current situation related to the creation of BR in Armenia – Gheorghi Faivush, Member of National MaB Armenia
Current situation related to the creation of BR in Azerbaijan – Dmitri Panin, UNESCO Azerbaijan
MaB in Georgia: state and perspectives– Shukri Djaparidze, Member of National MaB Georgia
Transboundary cooperation and co-management of shared ecosystems, Marie Prchalova, UNESCO
Transboundary cooperation, Russian Federation experience, Valery Neronov, Deputy Chairperson of Russian MAB Committee
Transboundary cooperation in Danube Delta region, Ion Muntean, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve
Wetland restoration projects in the Danube Delta Biosphere, Marian Tudor, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Institute, Romania
Introduction to technical aspects of BR nomination forms and familiarization with guidelines and procedures Valery Neronov, Deputy Chairperson of Russian MAB Committee.